Arte­ries — The sys­te­mic sup­p­ly network

Car­dio­vas­cu­lar pre­ven­ti­on is dis­as­ter prevention.

Ade­qua­te pro­tec­tion against dan­ge­rous vas­cu­lar blocka­ges starts with a pre­cise ana­ly­sis of the heart and arteries. 


The sys­te­mic sup­p­ly network

Ever­y­thing stands and falls with the arte­ries: Their func­tion­a­li­ty is of immense importance: Wit­hout them, the enti­re infra­struc­tu­re of the body would fall by the way­si­de: After all, a func­tio­ning vas­cu­lar sys­tem that works wit­hout rest­ric­tions has a signi­fi­cant influence on our over­all health — and on how we age.

Accor­ding to their func­tion as blood ves­sels lea­ding away from the heart, arte­ries are respon­si­ble for sup­p­ly­ing the organs with oxy­gen-rich blood. At the same time, they trans­port nut­ri­ents and important mes­sen­ger sub­s­tances to whe­re­ver they are nee­ded. If patho­lo­gi­cal­ly alte­red blood ves­sels can only per­form their sup­p­ly task to a limi­t­ed ext­ent, the risk of life-threa­tening car­dio­vas­cu­lar events increases.

Dama­ged arte­ries are a seve­re threat

Often, arte­ries can only main­tain the oxy­gen-rich blood sup­p­ly to the organs to a redu­ced ext­ent, main­ly due to blo­cking depo­sits and dama­ged inner walls. Then things are get­ting ris­ky for our health becau­se a fatal chain reac­tion is set in motion.

Immu­ne cells, for exam­p­le, often try to dis­lodge cho­le­ste­rol depo­sits from the walls of arte­ries — unfort­u­na­te­ly wit­hout suc­cess. Ins­tead, the immu­ne cells get stuck in the artery walls. The results are low-thres­hold inflamm­a­ti­ons and depo­sits, also known as atheros­cle­ro­sis plaques. A who­le series of spe­cial immu­ne cells cal­led leu­ko­cytes are found in the­se plaques. If they are over­ac­ti­ve and block the walls of the blood ves­sels, they beco­me desta­bi­li­zed. This can result in plaques brea­king down and blo­cking blood flow — with dan­ge­rous con­se­quen­ces. Be it heart attack, cere­bral infarc­tion, or peri­phe­ral arte­ri­al dise­a­se (PAD), which pri­ma­ri­ly affects the legs, less fre­quent­ly the arms: the ori­gin is rest­ric­ted, or, at its worst, com­ple­te­ly inter­rupt­ed blood flow.

Unco­ve­ring Car­dio­vas­cu­lar Risk Fac­tors — Pro­tec­ting Heart and Arteries

Car­dio­vas­cu­lar dise­a­ses with their some­ti­mes seve­re com­pli­ca­ti­ons, howe­ver, are not an ine­vi­ta­ble fate. The typi­cal dise­a­se cour­ses are well avo­ida­ble — if pati­ents act ear­ly enough,  taking coun­ter­me­a­su­res and thus their car­dio­vas­cu­lar health in their own hands. 

In order to ide­al­ly pre­vent car­dio­vas­cu­lar events and secon­da­ry dise­a­ses com­ple­te­ly or to tre­at alre­a­dy exis­ting patho­lo­gi­cal con­di­ti­ons effec­tively, an ear­ly, pre­ven­ti­ve car­dio­vas­cu­lar dia­gno­stics is indis­pensable. The more pre­cise the coll­ec­ted car­dio­vas­cu­lar data are, the more careful­ly tar­ge­ted the fur­ther medi­cal tre­at­ment can be tail­o­red to the dif­fe­rent needs of each pati­ent. In the best case,  vas­cu­lar exami­na­ti­ons are repea­ted at cer­tain inter­vals: One the one hand, che­cking car­dio­vas­cu­lar health, and, on the other hand, if neces­sa­ry, to con­trol and moni­tor the initia­ted the­ra­py steps con­ti­nous­ly to keep one’s eye on the pro­gress of the dise­a­se. If patho­lo­gi­cal chan­ges alre­a­dy exist, tar­ge­ted inter­ven­ti­ons at least miti­ga­te the cour­se of the dise­a­se and pre­vent worse. For exam­p­le, in nar­ro­wed coro­na­ry arte­ries, first-line the­ra­py are vas­cu­lar sup­port­ing stent implan­ta­ti­ons. The ear­lier pati­ents take care of their car­dio­vas­cu­lar health, the less likely it is having to under­go such and other stressful and high-risk ope­ra­ti­ons. Kno­wing your indi­vi­du­al car­dio­vas­cu­lar risk pro­fi­le thus helps to main­tain qua­li­ty of life and can save lives.